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2017年第14期:关于集体经营性建设用地入市试点的调研报告

作者:雷 曜
时间:2017年11月14日        字体:           点击量:

  摘要:党的十八届三中全会明确了土地制度改革的目标任务,启动了继农村联产承包责任制、国有土地出让制度之后的新一轮土地制度变革。近期,人民银行金融研究所赴北京市大兴区进行了调研。调研反映,农村集体经营性建设用地入市将改变过去经营性用地主要来源于国家征收农用地的格局,对土地资源配置机制、货币投放和金融资产形成、地方财政和金融风险管理、集体经济和区域经济新动能转换都具有重大影响。本文梳理了大兴试点值得重点关注的问题,并提出相关政策建议。

  关键词:农村集体用地;土地资源分配机制;公共服务

  作者:中国人民银行金融研究所    雷 曜

  Investigation Report on transaction of

  collective land for business-related construction

  Abstract:China has cleared the goal of land system reform, and started a new round of land system change after the rural household contract responsibility system and state-owned land transfer system. Recently, we conducted a field research on Beijing Daxing District that undertake the reform.

  The research reflects that the rural collective land designated for business-related construction move to the market will change the past land management mainly originates from the state expropriation, which has a great influence on land resource allocation mechanism, the money supply and the formation of financial assets, the local finance and the financial risk management, the collective economy and the regional economic new kinetic energy transformation. The policy concerns are to maintain the balance between financial sustainability and members' equity in collective economic organizations, to ensure public services do not "shrink", and to avoid becoming a new form of land finance, prevent financial risks and so on. We suggest to standardize local government and the rural collective land designated for business-related construction market related income policies, improve the degree of organization of farmers, and constantly improve the governance and management capacity of collective economic organizations, reasonable division of government and collective responsibility for public services, the reconstruction of the rational relationship between public finance and land management, the implementation of financial hard constraints, form the source to avoid the formation of new risks.

  Key words: collective land;land resource allocation mechanism;public service

  声明:《中国金融论坛工作论文》旨在促进与经济金融学界的学术交流与研讨,推动社会力量加强对相关问题的研究。论文内容仅代表作者个人学术观点,不代表中国金融论坛、中国人民银行研究局及中国人民银行金融研究所的观点。任何公开报道或引用,请注明来源为《中国金融论坛工作论文》。来源网站:http://www.cff.org.cn

  全文下载:2017年第14期—关于集体经营性建设用地入市试点的调研报告.pdf

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